ADF: Bill T. Jones’ Obscure Finish

The American Dance Festival closed its 84th season and celebratory 40th year in Durham with the final installment of Bill T. Jones and collaborators’ Analogy: A Trilogy on July 30 in the Durham Performing Arts Center. The two previous segments were performed, individually, on the two previous nights, so that at last we could see the whole shape of Jones’ idea.

Or not.

Analogy/Ambros: The Emigrant was one of the most obscure pieces of performance art I’ve ever seen. Even though its structure was similar to that of the previous segments, especially the first, Dora: Tramontane, and even though there was a thread of connection to the second, Lance: Pretty AKA the Escape Artist, formed by a common reference to legs that no longer work, Ambros remained baffling throughout.

The text (which has a dominant role here) comes from a section of W.G. Sebald’s book, The Emigrants, and much of it is very fine. But divorced from its larger literary context, the story bits (back and forth in time) barely made sense, let alone a point.

Bjorn Amelan’s decor, with dancer-moved panels in frequent re-arrangement, echoed that of Dora–but the panels here just seemed mainly to point up how little real action there was. And the transitions between bits were awfully slow.

Yes, I’m really going to say it: I nodded off a couple of times during the piece.

The music, by composed by Nick Hallett, and performed by him and Emily Manzo, was the best part of the evening. Mixing recorded tracks with live sound, it was often very beautiful, rich in tone and texture, with clear themes and all the emotions and emotional arcs that were missing otherwise.

One loves Bill T. for being an cool-headed intellectual who draws analogies, but this piece was so cold as to be DOA…rather a let-down for the season closer. But what a great thing it is for the ADF, and the assorted funders who helped support the making of this work, to give artists not only a place to succeed in their efforts, but a soft place to land when they fail.

The major universities in the area will be presenting a fair amount of dance during the 2017-18 season, so dance junkies will make it through until summer again. But if you are fretting, know that we are already at T minus 10 months and counting for ADF 2018.


The Bill T. Jones/Arnie Zane Company in Analogy/Ambros: The Emigrant. Photo: Paul B. Goode.

He’s so PRETTY: Dazzling New Work by Bill T. Jones/Arnie Zane Company Premieres at ADF


The Bill T. Jones/Arnie Zane Dance Company in the world premiere of Analogy/Lance: Pretty aka The Escape Artist, at ADF 7/1/16. Photo: Grant Halverson.


If you love dance and you were not in the Durham Performing Arts Center last night, you need to be there tonight, 7 p.m. sharp. Bill T. Jones, who has been using non-dance elements in his pieces for many years with varying success, has gotten all the elements working together in beautiful synchronicity in his new dance, Analogy/Lance: Pretty aka The Escape Artist. The American Dance Festival-commissioned work had its world premiere at the Festival July 1. The second installment in a planned trilogy, Analogy/Lance follows last year’s Analogy/Dora, and uses some of the same devices, but to far more powerful effect.

In many of his previous pieces involving storytelling, Jones has preferred to fragment the story and arrange its parts, often intermixed with contrasting material, in dance-like constructions in which the fractured narrative elements may repeat, modulate and circle back to an initial concept. While highly intellectual, this approach tended to make the narrative confusing, or even to obscure it meaning and purpose. Because the ideas were so broken up, so was the movement, its energies bombinating among verbalizations, projections and high-design stage spaces.

But for Analogy/Lance, Jones, his associate artistic director Janet Wong, and the company dancers have kept the storytelling on a straightforward narrative arc, and the dancing has the straight-ahead drive of a bullet train. It is absolutely thrilling. The story alone would be compelling; the dancing alone would hit a high mark in the Festival season; the music (Nick Hallett) alone would take you to far places of the soul; the uncluttered set (Bjorn Amelan), unpeopled, you could watch just to see the lighting (Robert Wierzel) and projections (Janet Wong) change on its surfaces and objects. The costumes (Liz Prince) need the bodies–but in them, the bodies convey even more about character, place and time. This is the whole package, a complete work of art in which every element is necessary and all are in harmony.


Cain Coleman, Jr., left, as persona Pretty, knotted together with Talli Jackson as Lance, the man who created him. Analogy/Lance: Pretty aka The Escape Artist premiered at the American Dance Festival July 1, 2016. Photo: Grant Halverson.


As he has often done, Jones has drawn on his own life for material. The subject of this story is Lance T. Briggs, Bill T. Jones’ nephew. The two began an oral history project together in 2014, and its questions and answers form the basis for this dance-theatre work. Sometimes we hear their recorded voices; at others, the dancers speak into microphones; at other times, a singer speaks the texts. (The many awkwardnesses of microphone usage in Analogy/Dora have been rectified.)

And what a story! As a young boy, the preternaturally talented LTB (as he is often called) trains at the San Francisco Ballet School–but soon he is on the streets, “preying” on men looking for young boys. Sex, drugs, partying…he becomes a stripper, and a male escort. Eventually, he creates a character, a persona, Pretty. Lance and Pretty are inseparable, but not quite the same. They have a helluva time, whether in performing in clubs or falling in love in prison. Love, HIV positivity, visa problems–nothing slows Lance/Pretty down until one day his legs quit working, nobody knows why. Brought to a standstill, confined in the body that had always previously allowed him to escape from any situation, Lance struggles to control and come to terms with his own alter-ego–the character he invented, and who invented him–and the struggle supplies the dramatic tension in this incident-crammed narrative. It’s a true story, but also an analogy for the human condition.


Pretty (Cain Coleman, Jr.) in his Josephine Baker-inspired show, TRIBALISTIC, within the show Analogy/Lance. This scene exhibits Bill T.’s conceptual layering at its best. The Bill T. Jones/Arnie Zane Company at ADF at DPAC, 7/1/16. Photo: Grant Halverson.


The rich music/sound score for this production includes a trove of recorded songs of various types by different artists; some lyrics written by Lance T. Briggs; music composed by Nick Hallett, with him playing and singing, along with baritone Matthew Gamble, as well as assorted sounds associated with the story. The whole is so remarkable that I sent in some questions, which the composer kindly answered at length. I include his responses here, as they shed light on the creative process in a complex endeavor like the Analogy trilogy.

Composer Nick Hallett:

“Work began on the score for Lance before the choreographic process, I started to think about the music as we were developing the first part of the trilogy, Dora, which premiered last year at ADF.  There are details of Lance’s world evident in in that piece, if you listen closely.  Similarly, Dora’s music peeks through the cracks of the Lance score.  Of course, the main work on the score began as recordings of the interviews came my way, filled with Lance’s stories and song lyrics.  These served as the greatest inspiration.

“It’s a very back-and-forth process with Bill [T. Jones], most of the ideas are generated in the studio alongside the choreography and dramaturgy. The “production numbers” aka Lance’s sketches of songs were fleshed out in advance of the rehearsal process, based on the interview materials.

“Matthew Gamble the baritone was singing, in addition to delivering spoken texts.  I was singing (in my upper register, mostly!), playing electric piano, and performing live electronics.  I also created nearly 300 sound cues that are called by the stage manager and executed by the sound designer, Sam Crawford.  One other important musical contributor is the company member Antonio Brown, who is a DJ.  He starts the show off with his mix of the Evelyn Champagne King song, Shame, and acts like something of a Greek chorus throughout, mixing and scratching dance music samples into my score.”

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